De Negentiende Eeuw 2009, nr. 4
Marianne Braun
Abstract (EN)
‘That great, powerful association called “woman”’. The Vrije Vrouwenvereeniging (Free Women’s Association): from civil society to public sphere. This article explores the position of the Vrije Vrouwenvereeniging in Dutch civil society at the end of the nineteenth century. Its scope is confi ned to the group’s early years. This association for the advancement of women was both part of the broader movement for social justice and – because its program was devoted to promoting one sex – an oppositional group inside the movement. Although ‘quiet propaganda’ was the association’s original intention, it soon found itself engaged in political debate and action in the public sphere, partly due to the personality of its president Wilhelmina Drucker.
Wilma van Giersbergen
Abstract (EN)
‘They enjoyed themselves so much […] that one could have heard a pin drop, when the art room was full’. Vincent van Gogh and the drawing lessons at the State High School in Tilburg, 1866-1868. From September 1866 till March 1868 Vincent van Gogh attended the State High School in Tilburg, where Constant Huijsmans gave him lessons in the principles of drawing, including how to use drawing materials and how to in coordinate the hand and eye. Vincent copied geometrical models, fruit, jugs, and fl oral and architectural ornaments and learned the basics of perspective and how to measure proportions. However, when he decided to became an illustrator in 1880, he had yet to learn all the principles of drawing in spite of Huijsman’s lessons on these subjects. Huijsman’s teaching seems to have been lost on the young van Gogh.
Gerard Hooykaas
Abstract (EN)
The Dutch Royal Institute and the Royal Academy of Sciences. In his voluminous study De stem van de wetenschap (The Voice of Science), Klaas van Berkel gives a learned and panoramic view of the Dutch Royal Institute and the Royal Academy of Sciences in the nineteenth century. While the author’s profound analysis is often critical, it is possible to come to quite different conclusions.
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