Ten geleide 234-235
Jeroen van Zanten
De electorale negentiende eeuw in vogelvlucht, 1814-1917 236-246
Adriejan van Veen
Tussen vergadering en vereniging. Het publieke debat over en experimenten met kandidaatstelling en kiezersorganisatie bij de eerste directe Tweede Kamerverkiezingen in 1848 247-276
Between meeting and association. The public debate about and experiments with candidate selection and voter organization preceding the first direct elections for the Lower House of the Dutch Parliament in 1848. In November 1848, for the first time direct elections took place for the Lower House of the Dutch Parliament. Until then, overt political organization and participation had been frowned upon in the Netherlands, and made nearly impossible by a highly complex electoral system. This article, on the basis of digitized newspapers, for the first time examines the Dutch public debate about and country- wide local experiments with voter organizations in 1848. It argues that the risky openness of the new system persuaded many elite voters to accept voter organizations as a means to prevent possible radical minorities from selecting candidates. While the divided Dutch past and the revolutionary European present were invoked to plea for a ‘calm’ and ‘tranquil’ type of political organization, local political practice displayed more contestation and experimentation than heretofore recognized.
Vrouwenkiesrecht als omstreden kwestie onder Nederlandse feministen, 1870-1900 277-299
Women’s suffrage as a controversial issue among Dutch feminists, 1870-1900. Female suffrage was not the Dutch women’s movement’s central issue from the beginning, nor did contemporary social reformers conceive it as part of the democratisation process they favoured. This article explores the public debate on women’s suffrage against the backdrop of the movement towards universal suffrage in its first three decades. Due to sources refraining from stating the obvious, it remains obscure why exactly parliamentary politics continued to be seen as an exclusively male domain for so long. What is clear, is that conservative feminists associated the demand for women’s suffrage with a radical strand of feminism which they abhorred.
Getekende kiesrechtstrijd. Een selectie spotprenten uit de jaren 1874-1919 300-320
Aukje van Hout
Wat Geertje overkwam en wat Marijtje d’er van docht. Literatuur als propagandamiddel van de Vereeniging voor Vrouwenkiesrecht 321-344
What happened to Geertje and what Marijtje thought about it. The use of literature as propaganda by the Vereeniging voor Vrouwenkiesrecht. On October 7th 1908, the board of the Vereeniging voor Vrouwenkiesrecht (VvVK) invited the Dutch writer Johan de Meester (1860-1931) to one of their propaganda meetings where he presented fragments from his novel Geertje (1905). It is a remarkable fact that (non-political) literature was used for political purposes, but not uncommon: the VvVK was known to use literature as propaganda. In this article I will show that the VvVK adopted different strategies for literary propaganda: they used existing authoritative literature, but they also wrote texts themselves. Different types of texts were deployed for this purpose, such as authoritarian fiction with a certain degree of redundancy.
Ido de Haan
Ondemocratische verkiezingen? Legitimiteit, fraude en wantrouwen in de democratie 345-357
Undemocratic elections? Legitimacy, fraud and mistrust in democracy. Even if elections are a contested aspect of democracy, the free and fair elections of political representatives play a pivotal role in the legitimation of political power. Election fraud was, and still is, a main threat to this form of democratic legitimacy. But even in countries with low levels of fraud and corruption, electoral democracy is undermined by a growing mistrust of representative institutions and their capacity to serve the interest of the people.
Boekzaal der geleerde wereld 358-368
- 200 Jaar Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden. Noord en Zuid onder koning Willem I, 8 dln., red. Rik Vosters en Janneke Weijermars. Den Haag: Algemeen Nederlands Verbond en de Werkgroep Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, 2012. (Matthias Meirlaen)
- Jac. Biemans, August von Bonstetten. Een Zwitsers militair schetst ’s-Hertogenbosch 1815-1824. Nijmegen: Vantilt, 2016. (Louis Ph. Sloos)
- Lieske Tibbe, Verstrengeling van traditie en vernieuwing, 1885-1905. Kunstkritiek in Nederland tijdens het fin de siècle. Rotterdam: NAI010 Uitgevers, 2014. (Annemiek Ouwerkerk)